Salesforce Cookies #10

Creating a dynamic SOQL which includes all the fields

I have seen this question several times on developer forums and I thought it could be another addition to Salesforce cookies. If you are wondering how can you query all the fields of an object then you can use the following code snippet.

Map<String,Schema.SObjectField> mapFields = Account.getSObjectType().getDescribe().fields.getMap(); 
List<String> fieldNames = new List<String>();
for( String fieldName : mapFields.keySet() ) {
     fieldNames.add( fieldName );
     // For relationship fields
     if( Schema.DisplayType.Reference == mapFields.get(fieldName).getDescribe().getType() )
     fieldNames.add( mapFields.get(fieldName).getDescribe().getRelationshipName() + '.Name' ); 
} 
String query = 
    ' SELECT ' + 
    String.join( fieldNames, ',' ) + 
    ' FROM Account ' +
    ' WHERE ' + 
    ' Id = :recorId ';
         
List<Account> lstRecords = Database.query( query );

This is quite similar to SQL query which uses wildcard characters – SELECT * FROM Table.

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